American colonization society s plan to send

This steady increase did not go unnoticed by an anxious white community that was ever more aware of the free blacks in their midst. American leaders in the federal government were reluctant to accept American expansion into Africa. It also offered pious assertions that the "degraded and miserable" Africans were ordained so by Providence and the laws of nature.

When white women did become involved, it was often highly conservative. Despite deteriorating political conditions in the United States, however, the vast majority of blacks rejected this new call for emigration.

When the boundaries of citizenship, gender, and place were being tested and debated, when the future of slavery was hotly contested and the stability of the union was alarmingly unclear, colonizationists sought to find a moderate solution that would ease the tensions in the nation and their own consciences.

The society focused on education and missionary activities until the early 20th century. African-Americans were morally lax.

American Colonization Society

This could best be done by humanely removing the weaker one from the humiliating dominance of the stronger. From the s to the early s, most historians viewed the American Colonization Society as an antislavery organization, although conservative.

Burin draws attention to a number of times the Pennsylvania Colonization Society aided manumissions, such as when it raised money to free an enslaved family, the Corpsen family of Virginia, and send them to Africa.

Although the ratio of whites to blacks was 4: Colonizationists, on the other hand, sought to maintain the status quo, protecting white masculinity and removing the dangerous black presence.

Long before Robert Finley set events in motion to establish the American Colonization Society, ideas about deporting blacks and establishing colonies for them outside of America were gaining footholds in the young nation. Support for it came from local and state branches and from churches, and the federal government provided some initial funding.

Pennsylvania, Maryland and Mississippi set up their own state societies and colonies on the coast next to Liberia. Fundraising[ edit ] During the next three years, the society raised money by selling memberships. The society was located in Washington D.

Van Sickle, in his article Reluctant Imperialists: Context[ edit ] Following the American Revolutionary Warthe institution of slavery and those bound within it grew, as slaves were naturally increasing; their total number reached four million slaves by the midth century.

Between and some 10, black Americans, along with several thousand Africans from interdicted slave ships, were resettled by the group, but its involvement with transport to Liberia ended after the American Civil War.

Between andthe society faced economic difficulties, and internal divisions further weakened it. Inafter a failed colonizing attempt the previous year and protracted negotiations with local chiefs, the society acquired the Cape Mesurado area, subsequently the site of MonroviaLiberia.

Whether the society truly intended to abolish slavery, as Burin and Guyatt suggest, it was nonetheless a deeply harmful institution. For early studies that are critical of the ACS' motives, see: The Society appeared to support contradictory goals: Bywhite abolitionists regarded the Colonization Society as the black leaders did: One of his political contacts in Washington City, John Caldwell, in turn contacted the Reverend Robert Finleyhis brother-in-law and a Presbyterian minister, who endorsed the plan.

Combined with urbanization, commercialization, and the transition to mixed farming in the Chesepeake region, The War for Independence challenged slavery with egalitarian rhetoric. Liberia The Society was successful in establishing a colony in Liberia.

Ina successful slave revolution in Haiti made it the first black-led republic.

American Colonization Society

The Colonization Society revived during the s, as sectional crises and arguments over slavery intensified, but soon collapsed in the face of the Civil War. Yet Colonizationists and U.

The American Colonization Society (ACS) was formed in to send free African-Americans to Africa as an alternative to emancipation in the United States. Inthe society established on the west coast of Africa a colony that in became the independent nation of Liberia.

Bythe society had sent more than 13, emigrants. (Supportive of the ACS) Archibald Alexander, A History of Colonization on the Western Coast of Africa, New York: Negro Universities Press, [originally published in by William S.

Martien]; Isaac V. Brown, Biography of the Rev. Robert Finley, D. D., of Basking Ridge, N.J: Second Edition, Enlarged with an Account of his Agency as the. The American Colonization Society was founded in a turbulent time in American history. When the boundaries of citizenship, gender, and place were being tested and debated, when the future of slavery was hotly contested and the stability of the union was alarmingly unclear, colonizationists sought to find a moderate solution that would ease the tensions in the nation and their own consciences.

American Colonization Society – This society created a plan to send freed African Americans to Africa to found new settlements. David Walker – A free African American business from Boston, who published the Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World.

The American Colonization Society may not seem like a terribly controversial organization, but there has been a long historical debate regarding the extent that the society was, or was not, actually opposed to slavery and biological racism.

American Colonization Society: American Colonization Society, American organization dedicated to transporting freeborn blacks and emancipated slaves to Africa.

It was founded in by Robert Finley, a Presbyterian minister, and some of the country’s most influential men, including Francis Scott Key, Henry Clay, and Bushrod.

American colonization society s plan to send
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